Water conservation is important to the University as a means of reducing costs and considering that the University is one of the largest consumers of fresh water in the State, conservation on campus can go a long way to reduce environmental stress on our region. Through specific purchasing decisions and behavioral modification, some departments have significantly reduced the University’s water usage.
The campus uses approximately a half billion gallons of water annually, however, water consumption decreased 14.4 percent between 2007 and 2009. The reason for the sharp decrease in water consumption is likely the result of new water saving devices such as low-flow toilets, showers, faucets, and moisture sensors on irrigated fields.
Low-flow toilets and urinal flushometers are replaced the older fixtures in the residence halls. All showerheads in all non-renovated residence halls have been replaced with low-flow (2.5 gallon per minute) models. Low-flow (1 gallon per minute) sink aerators have been installed on the bathroom and kitchen sinks in all non-renovated halls. Additionally, Dining Services is introducing waterless urinals to some of their facilities. Just one waterless urinal typically saves around 20,000 gallons of water per year.
All dishwashing machines and ware-washing equipment have been replaced with energy efficient steam heated equipment that uses only 70 percent of the water required by the old machines. The steam used to heat the water is recycled. This saves approximately 80,000 gallons of water per month. Water-cooled refrigerator systems have been replaced with air cooled systems or closed loop cooling tower systems. This technology eliminates water usage in the refrigeration systems, which previously needed over 150,000 gallons of water yearly.
The University’s Golf Course has introduced a few different types of grass to the course, each requiring less watering than previous varieties. Bermuda and Zoysia grasses were introduced because of their resilience in warm weather and need for little water. In an effort to create more space for wildlife, native grasses are being encouraged to grow back into select areas. Native grasses are evolutionarily adapted to the varying climate of the mid-Atlantic region and as such, they require little maintenance. Overall, the Golf Course has reduced its water bill by 38 percent, creating a savings of around $30,000 each year. Although the new grass does not maintain its green color throughout the winter, Golf Course managers have realized that brown can be good too.
Outdoor water conservation is an ongoing challenge at the University. Wet springs, dry summers, and autumns that can go either way keep the grounds crew busy all year. Newly planted trees are hand watered for the first three years when needed. Gator Bags allow water to slowly seep into the ground to water the roots of the plant, as opposed to running downhill away from the tree. Some areas now have automatic irrigation systems that are operated by moisture sensors, such as those installed by Campus Recreation Services on the Engineering Fields. These sensors require water to be used only when the soil is too dry instead of simply running the sprinklers on a timer.